Cyber-Physical System: Smart City

By: Arya Brijith, International Center for AI and Cyber Security Research and Innovations (CCRI), Asia University, Taiwan,sia University, Taiwan,


The topic of this article is smart cities, which are among the most prominent cyber-physical systems.


The gateway to a smart city may be opened by utilizing computer technologies like cloud computing, blockchain, big data, IoT, and AI. The article explores cyber-physical systems and presents the areas of implementation. So, let us dive into it.

What is CPS?

Cyber-Physical System (CPS) refers to a group of manufacturing and infrastructural systems that incorporate human interaction by integrating cyber space into the real world.[1]

It is an intricate combination of physical elements that interact directly with the outside environment and computing algorithms. These systems use sensors and actuators to gather information from their surroundings, process it using computing components, and then react by influencing or managing physical processes.

Applications for CPS are many and include medical equipment, automotive safety and driver assistance systems, industrial process control and automation systems, and support systems for managing the power supply to maximize the use of renewable energy.[4]

Significance of a smart city

The concept “Smart City” integrates traditional and modern infrastructure based on the latest technologies & real-time city services provided in the physical environment. In smart city applications, the Internet of Things (IoT) and Information and Communication Technology (ICT) are used to collect and process useful information to manage resources and cater advanced services to the residents [2]

Smart cities provide more dependable and inclusive urban environments because they are more efficient, sustainable, and responsive to the needs of their residents. Artificial intelligence (AI) has emerged as a powerful driver for the development and implementation of smart city initiatives. With a plethora of benefits and opportunities, its integration into urban planning and administration has fundamentally altered how cities function.[3] It enhances people’s living standards and is essential to the citizens in various aspects such as time management, safety and security, and a lot more.

Area of implementation

  • Smart Home: In smart homes, we use gadgets such as Robot vacuum cleaners, automatic door and window sensor, voice activated electronic appliances, pet camera, voice assistant, burglar alert and smart locks. This expedites and simplifies household tasks and simplify our lives.
  • Healthcare: Online health check-ups and intelligent diagnosis have gained a lot of attention since the Covid 17 outbreak and has evolved ever since. Regular health check-ups are essential, and having access to a digital healthcare platform may help consumers remain on track and lower their risk of sickness. As they say, “health is wealth.” Advancements in the field of healthcare has made a huge impact.
  • Transportation: Traffic management, smart parking, smart toll services, GPS, self- drive cars have brough a significant change in the transportation sector. It not only helps with traffic management but also increases road safety. Using e-vehicles have also helped reduce environmental damage as they do not exhale pollutants such as carbon monoxide into the atmosphere.
  • Public safety and security: Devices such as smart surveillance camera can help with crime detection. It can enhance public safety and help reduce crime rates.


An ecosystem having a blend of cutting-edge technology can make our lives much easier and efficient. The idea behind smart technology has always been to improve our quality of life. However, it is necessary to keep in mind that there are few limitations such as environmental impact and security threats. These open gateways for further research and developments


  1. Khan, F., Kumar, R. L., Kadry, S., Nam, Y., & Meqdad, M. N. (2021). Cyber physical systems: A smart city perspective. International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering11(4), 3609.
  2. S. Rani et al., “Amalgamation of Advanced Technologies for Sustainable Development of Smart City Environment: A Review,” in IEEE Access, vol. 9, pp. 150060-150087, 2021, doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3125527.
  3. Brijith A. (2023) Smart City: An AI-based disruptive revolution, Insights2Techinfo, pp.1
  4. Jazdi, N. (2014, May). Cyber physical systems in the context of Industry 4.0. In 2014 IEEE international conference on automation, quality and testing, robotics (pp. 1-4). IEEE.
  5. Wang, L., Li, L., Li, J., Li, J., Gupta, B. B., & Liu, X. (2018). Compressive sensing of medical images with confidentially homomorphic aggregations. IEEE Internet of Things Journal, 6(2), 1402-1409.
  6. Stergiou, C. L., Psannis, K. E., & Gupta, B. B. (2021). InFeMo: flexible big data management through a federated cloud system. ACM Transactions on Internet Technology (TOIT), 22(2), 1-22.
  7. Gupta, B. B., Perez, G. M., Agrawal, D. P., & Gupta, D. (2020). Handbook of computer networks and cyber security. Springer, 10, 978-3.
  8. Bhushan, K., & Gupta, B. B. (2017). Security challenges in cloud computing: state-of-art. International Journal of Big Data Intelligence, 4(2), 81-107.

Cite As

Brijith A. (2023) Cyber-Physical System: Smart City, Insights2Techinfo, pp.1

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