The Critical Need for Ethical and Safe Advancements in AI: Why Extensive Research is Imperative?

By: Brij B. Gupta, Asia University

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is rapidly transforming the world around us, and it has become an integral part of many industries, from healthcare to finance, transportation to education. AI has the potential to revolutionize our daily lives, making everything from our homes to our workplaces more efficient and effective. However, the development of AI technology requires extensive research to ensure that it is safe, ethical, and effective.

Advancements in AI Technology

The field of AI is continuously evolving, and researchers are constantly making new breakthroughs. These advancements have the potential to improve everything from the accuracy of medical diagnoses to the speed and efficiency of manufacturing processes. AI is also being used to develop intelligent assistants, such as ChatGPT, which can provide personalized customer service and support to users around the clock.

Ethical Considerations

As AI technology becomes more advanced, there is a growing concern about the ethical implications of its use. For example, facial recognition technology has been criticized for its potential to infringe on privacy and civil liberties. AI-powered weapons systems have also been a point of controversy, with concerns over their ability to make autonomous decisions with potentially deadly consequences. Research is essential to address these ethical considerations and ensure that AI is developed and used in a responsible and ethical manner.

Ensuring Safety and Security

Another important consideration in AI research is ensuring the safety and security of AI systems. As AI becomes more complex and interconnected, it has the potential to create new security risks. For example, cybercriminals could exploit vulnerabilities in AI systems to launch cyberattacks or steal sensitive data. Researchers must work to develop robust security measures to protect against these threats and ensure the safety and security of AI systems.

Developing Skills and Expertise

AI is a highly specialized field, and developing expertise in this area requires extensive research and training. Research is essential to ensure that the next generation of AI developers and engineers have the skills and expertise needed to develop safe, ethical, and effective AI systems.

Economic Growth

Finally, AI research is essential for economic growth. AI has the potential to revolutionize many industries, from healthcare to finance, transportation to education, and has the potential to create new jobs and drive economic growth. Investing in AI research can help to ensure that countries are competitive in the global economy and can take advantage of the many benefits that AI has to offer.

Furthermore, the global AI market is expected to continue its rapid growth in the coming years. According to a report by, the AI market is projected to reach $309.6 billion by 2026, with a compound annual growth rate of 39.7% during the forecast period of 2021-2026. This growth is driven by factors such as the increasing availability of big data and the growing demand for AI-powered solutions across various industries.

Global AI market size in 2021$62.35 billionStatista
Expected global AI market size in 2027$733.7 billionResearchAndMarkets
Number of AI patents filed globally in 202022,044World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
Number of AI job postings in the United States in 2021228,696Indeed
Percentage of companies adopting AI globally in 202137%Gartner
AI adoption rate in healthcare in the United States90%MIT Technology Review
Estimated AI contribution to global GDP in 2030$15.7 trillion (26.1% of global GDP)PwC
AI-generated counterfeit content in 20204% of all new deepfake videos detected in Q4 2020Deeptrace
Global AI software revenue in 2021$39.6 billionStatista
Estimated number of AI software developers worldwide2.3 millionEvans Data Corporation

Given the potential benefits of AI and its growing importance in today’s world, it’s clear that continued research in this field is crucial. By investing in AI research, we can ensure that this technology is developed in a responsible and ethical manner, and that it’s used to benefit society as a whole.

Identifying Potential Risks

One of the essential aspects of AI research is identifying potential risks and challenges associated with the use of these technologies. Through this research, we can work to mitigate risks such as bias, privacy concerns, and unintended consequences. By addressing these risks proactively, we can create more responsible and ethical AI systems that have fewer negative impacts on society.

Understanding Implications for Society

Research in AI can help us to better understand the societal, ethical, and legal implications of these technologies. By examining AI’s broader social and economic impacts, we can ensure that these technologies are developed and deployed in a fair, transparent, and beneficial way. This research can help shape policies and regulations that govern the use of AI, ensuring that these technologies are used responsibly and ethically.

Negative Affects of AI

  1. Job displacement: AI and automation are capable of performing tasks that were previously done by humans, leading to job displacement and unemployment. This is particularly evident in industries such as manufacturing, where robots are increasingly being used to perform repetitive tasks.
  2. Bias and discrimination: AI systems are only as unbiased as the data used to train them, and if that data is biased, then the system will be biased as well. This can result in discrimination against certain groups of people, particularly those who are underrepresented in the training data.
  3. Privacy and security concerns: AI systems rely on vast amounts of data, and if that data falls into the wrong hands, it can be used for nefarious purposes. Additionally, AI systems can be vulnerable to hacking and other cyber attacks, which can compromise the security of the data they process.
  4. Dependence on technology: As AI systems become more advanced and ubiquitous, humans may become overly dependent on them, leading to a loss of important skills and knowledge.
  5. Autonomous weapons: AI-powered weapons have the potential to cause massive destruction and loss of life, particularly if they malfunction or are hacked.


In conclusion, research in AI is crucial for advancing the field and ensuring that these technologies are developed and used in a way that is responsible, ethical, and beneficial for society. By conducting research in AI, we can advance these technologies’ capabilities while identifying and mitigating potential risks and challenges. Furthermore, this research can help us to understand the implications of AI for society better, ensuring that these technologies are developed and deployed in a manner that is fair, transparent, and beneficial for all.


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